INSUCO carries out specific studies to meet explicit needs identified by our clients. We identify the objectives and the scope of the study in close collaboration with the client, and develop an appropriate methodology based on the needs expressed, the resources available and the timeframe in order to best coordinate activities and achieve an optimal result. This approach can be applied to specific topics, such as the study of artisanal mining practices, local land tenure, social organisation etc. or to wider themes such as sector studies, market research, cultural heritage site and practice inventories, preventive archaeology etc.
This service involves carrying out surveys in the agricultural, industry and service sectors including the identification of stakeholders, the environment and the ins and outs of a specific product.
The objective of a marketing chain survey is to gain an in-depth understanding of a product environment by highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of a system: direct and indirect stakeholders, synergies, externalities, bottlenecks, and inter-sector links, the degree of competition and transparency at different levels, what makes a product competitive, or sector innovation trends. Analysing the technical, economic and organisational structure of a sector helps to specify precise policies and actions to strengthen its positive aspects and better manage its limitations.
We carry out these studies in order to help our clients define or hone their strategic choices when setting up their procurement chain, developing an integration policy, identifying new investments or even when formulating an action plan for community development. They provide a quantified description of both production systems and the commercial supply chain to the consumer.
INSUCO endeavours to identify and rapidly interview all the sector stakeholders to gain a clear understanding of how they rely on each other and any conflicts, as well as to provide a detailed analysis of a specific project or issue. In particular, INSUCO assesses how appropriate it may be to develop a product or a service on the basis of various factors: its position within the client’s production strategy, its integration into local stakeholder strategies (particularly producers) and market trends.
Studies of land tenure issues describe the individual and collective land rights systems to help decision making regarding the location of infrastructure and the specification of resettlement and compensation action plans, ensuring compliance with international regulations and national legislation and compatibility with traditional practices.
The objective of land tenure analyses is to describe the institutions, standards and practices regarding land ownership and access rights. This overall objective can be divided into four specific objectives:
- To map customary village territories,
- To map and describe existing land areas and holdings,
- To describe the various rights held by individuals, families and villages,
- To describe local and regional land tenure systems and practices (conflicts, changes)
- Maps of villages and land holdings,
- Village and family land and political profiles
- A characterisation of the different individual and collective rights
- Regional reports on contexts, systems and issues to do with land tenure.
These deliverables are provided in formats tailored to the clients’ needs, including databases, tables and maps.
We look at land tenure issues in terms of systems of individual and collective rights. Therefore we describe land tenure as practiced by the stakeholders negotiating between customary and modern systems, taking into account the different levels at which rights are exercised (individual, family and village) as well as the social and political relationships which underlie the specification and application of land rights. We also analyse the process by which land tenure legislation has been developed.
This activity involves developing management plans for places or objects that are classified as material or immaterial heritage, which are locally significant and recognised on an on-going basis by all stakeholders.
Heritage is always associated with rituals and cultural practices, be they active or preserved, national or local. It concerns the past, the present and the future and community identity. It is dynamic, affected by historical context and social tensions. In-depth field studies help to understand, measure and analyse the potential risks and opportunities in line with the management plan for each affected site, to mobilise appropriate stakeholders at all levels and to propose collectively developed procedures.
The basic documents consist of a mapped list of all sites, events and objects identified, and a manual of technical and social procedures to be undertaken within the communities and the stakeholders to be involved. A general ethnological analysis and recommendations are also provided, and can include the formulation of strategies to promote local culture.
INSUCO stands out thanks to its ethnologically and sociologically-focused approach, strongly centred on activities in the field. The latter rely on a series of mediators who combine local skills and technical expertise, facilitating smooth, risk-free intercultural communication and comprehension. This management plan-based approach encourages constructive, continuous and sustainable relations with communities and helps to monitor cultural practices over the long term.
Preventive archaeology studies include field surveys, ethno-archaeological surveys and recommendations. They help to mitigate negative project impacts and to promote archaeological heritage.
The objective is to identify any archaeological heritage sites or artefacts affected by a project and to provide a scientific expert appraisal of discoveries in line with local and/or international recommendations and regulations for preserving cultural heritage.
The overall report presents and illustrates the methodology used and all the archaeological discoveries as well as their scientific analysis according to latest scientific practice. If the sites are to be disturbed by the client, recommendations are made according to their value, their scientific quality and their importance to the communities.
INSUCO expert appraisals are carried out by experienced archaeologists. Their ties with academia guarantee the quality of the fieldwork and analysis methodologies used which are those of academic research and comply with recognised ethical standards in this field. Ethno-archaeological surveys of communities help to gather oral data on the archaeological sites and artefacts.
These studies provide an analysis of the institutional, social, economic and technical conditions in which artisanal mining activities are conducted (gold, diamond mining etc.).
The existence of artisanal mining activities is a major issue. Difficult to control, any industrial mining project can give rise to conflictual situations stemming from competition for access to resources. Our objective is to fully understand the issues – which are socio-economic, demographic, political and institutional – in order to help private companies, local authorities and artisanal minors to find socially and economically viable solutions.
We develop operational recommendations on the policies and strategies for consultation and propose agreed and socially viable solutions that build mutually beneficial links between the artisanal and industrial sectors. These recommendations are based on the study of the institutional mechanisms governing artisanal mining activities and on the analysis of the local political economy of the sector.
Our approach, inspired by economic anthropology, consists in analysing all the aspects of local governance and regulation of the sector. This helps us to identify the local authority systems, the political and economic mechanisms that regulate relations between stakeholders as well as the rights and obligations pertaining to resources. These elements are used to build the basis for a viable strategy for multi-stakeholder dialogue.